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Tag Archives | substance abuse

The Effects of Marijuana on Embryo Development

Given that many states have or are now moving forward with the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana, it should be no surprise that we are seeing an increasing number of women in our clinic who are using marijuana on a regular basis. According to a nationwide survey, 7.3% of Americans 12 or older regularly […]

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Use of Marijuana on the Rise in Pregnant Women

According to research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, there has been a significant increase in the use of marijuana among pregnant women over the last decade.  Among all pregnant women, the prevalence of marijuana use (assessed in the past month) increased from 2.37%  in 2002 to 3.85% in 2014 (prevalence ratio […]

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The US Opioid Epidemic:  More US Infants Born With Drug Dependence

Over the last week, there have been quite a few articles in the press detailing the increase in opioid use in the United States, focusing the impact of this epidemic on infants and children. According to a study published this week in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers tracked newborns treated for opioid-related complications over the past 10 […]

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Update on Smoking During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period

Some of the most commonly visited posts on our website are related to smoking in pregnant and postpartum women.  While smoking is a potential problem for all women, rates of tobacco use are higher among women with psychiatric illness.  Previous studies have indicated that rates of smoking are significantly higher among pregnant women who suffer […]

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Baby Belly from Wikimedia Commons

Cannabis and Pregnancy: Increasing Use, Still Not Enough Data on Safety

We are seeing an increasing number of women in our clinic who are using marijuana on a regular basis — recreationally and medically prescribed — to help them manage various psychiatric symptoms, including depression and anxiety.  This is no surprise given that many states have or are now moving forward with the legalization of medical […]

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Baby Belly from Wikimedia Commons

Treatment of Opioid Addiction During Pregnancy: Buprenorphine

The use of opioid drugs in women of childbearing age has become a pressing public health concern.  It is clear that opiate use during pregnancy puts the mother and child at risk; opiate use during pregnancy has been associated with increased risk for oral clefts, neural tube defects, gastroschisis, congenital heart defects, and ophthalmic problems. […]

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Baby Belly from Wikimedia Commons

Marijuana and Pregnancy: Not As Benign as Some Might Believe

We are seeing an increasing number of women in our clinic who are using marijuana on a regular basis — recreationally and medically prescribed — to help them manage various psychiatric symptoms, including depression and anxiety.  This is no surprise given that many states have or are now moving forward with the legalization of medical marijuana. […]

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Credit: Pregnant Woman from Wikimedia Commons

In Brief: During Pregnancy, No Amount of Alcohol is Safe

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) just released a new report regarding the use of alcohol during pregnancy and the risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to a broad range of adverse developmental effects. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the term which encompasses the range of adverse effects […]

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ACOG Issues Opinion on Marijuana in Pregnant and Nursing Women

With many states now moving forward with the legalization of medical marijuana, there seems to be a growing sense that marijuana is relatively safe and may, in some cases, be more attractive or effective than traditional pharmacologic interventions.  The use of marijuana in the United States appears to be increasing.  According to a nationwide survey, […]

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Credit: "Female baby" by Own work. Licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Female_baby.jpg#/media/File:Female_baby.jpg

Prenatal Cocaine Exposure and Its Effect on the Developing Brain

Prenatal cocaine exposure or PCE occurs when a child is exposed in utero to cocaine taken by the pregnant mother.  We know that cocaine exposure during pregnancy can negatively affect the pregnancy; women who use cocaine during pregnancy are at increased risk for preterm delivery and low birthweight.  We know much less about the effects […]

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