Despite the unequivocal benefits of folic acid supplementation and recommendations urging all women of reproductive age to take folic acid supplements, preconceptual use of folic acid has not increased substantially.
While data are limited regarding AEDs and breastfeeding, it appears that none of the AEDs are excreted at high levels into the breast milk, nor have they been associated with high rates of adverse events in the nursing infant.
Women with postpartum psychosis are at risk for recurrent illness, but we have limited data regarding risk factors for recurrence.
Essential Reads: The Negative Impact of Prenatal Opioid Use on Fertility, Pregnancy, Neonatal Outcomes and Long-Term Developmental Outcomes
Prenatal opioid use is associated with increased maternal and infant mortality, prematurity, and poor neonatal outcomes.
Essential Reads: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Children with Prenatal Exposure to Benzodiazepines and Z-Drugs
Our data regarding prenatal exposure to BZDs and/or z-drugs and risk of neurodevelopmental outcomes is still sparse.
The PLLR helps to put the potential effects of the drug into perspective with the goal of providing a more individualized risk-benefit analysis.
Many women experience depression during pregnancy. What is the best way to identify these women?
There are many different sources of information, some better than others.
This article reviews the research on the effects of antenatal maternal psychological states on offspring.
More study is needed regarding the safety of sedative-hypnotic medications during pregnancy.