An intervention teaching new parents about normal infant sleeping and crying patterns and providing them with techniques for infant settling improves mothers’ depression scores. There were no differences in scores on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4 months, but at 6 months, caregivers in the intervention group were almost half as likely to score higher than 9 on the EPDS, with 7.9% scoring higher than 9 in the intervention group vs. 12.9% in the control cohort (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.57).

Reviewed in Medscape (free subscription)

Hiscock H, Cook F, Bayer J, Le HN, Mensah F, Cann W, Symon B, St James-Roberts I.  Preventing Early Infant Sleep and Crying Problems and Postnatal Depression: A Randomized Trial.  Pediatrics. 2014 Jan 6. [Epub ahead of print]