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Archive | Substance Abuse

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Associated with Psychiatric Illness in Offspring

  In the United States, the prevalence of smoking in pregnant women has declined; however, according to data gathered from 29 states by the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), about 13% of women smoked during the last 3 months of pregnancy.  The prevalence varied according to state, with the highest rates reported in West […]

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Alcohol Use in Pregnancy: Even Low Levels of Alcohol Exposure Associated with Craniofacial Abnormalities

  While different countries may have different attitudes toward the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has taken a firm stand against the use of alcohol during pregnancy. In the report entitled “Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders,” published in the November 2015 issue of Pediatrics, the AAP identified prenatal exposure to […]

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The US Opioid Epidemic:  More US Infants Born With Drug Dependence

Over the last week, there have been quite a few articles in the press detailing the increase in opioid use in the United States, focusing the impact of this epidemic on infants and children. According to a study published this week in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers tracked newborns treated for opioid-related complications over the past 10 […]

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