The article that has received the most attention is the one on the use of stimulants during pregnancy, focusing on the risk of cardiovascular malformations.  While the media has focused on certain findings, the overall picture is good.  You can read more here.

Association Between Methylphenidate and Amphetamine Use in Pregnancy and Risk of Congenital Malformations: A Cohort Study From the International Pregnancy Safety Study Consortium.

Huybrechts KF, Bröms G, Christensen LB, Einarsdóttir K, Engeland A, Furu K, Gissler M, Hernandez-Diaz S, Karlsson P, Karlstad Ø, Kieler H, Lahesmaa-Korpinen AM, Mogun H, Nørgaard M, Reutfors J, Sørensen HT, Zoega H, Bateman BT.  JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 13.

Efficacy of an Internet-based depression intervention to improve rates of treatment in adolescent mothers.

Cynthia Logsdon M, Myers J, Rushton J, Gregg JL, Josephson AM, Davis DW, Brothers K, Baisch K, Carabello A, Vogt K, Jones K, Angermeier J.  Arch Womens Ment Health. 2017 Dec 20.

In adolescent mothers, this internet-based  intervention led to significant changes in attitude, perceived control, intention to seek mental health treatment, and actually seeking depression treatment.

Effect of maternal postpartum depression on offspring’s growth.

Farías-Antúnez S, Xavier MO, Santos IS.  J Affect Disord. 2017 Dec 8;228:143-152.

The child’s first-year growth was the most affected by the exposure to maternal depression. Children of depressed mothers had a higher chance of being underweight and stunted in the first year of life. Maternal depression was also associated with child’s linear growth impairment after the first year.

Bipolar postpartum depression: An update and recommendations.

Sharma V, Doobay M, Baczynski C.  J Affect Disord. 2017 Sep;219:105-111.

Comparative safety of antiepileptic drugs for neurological development in children exposed during pregnancy and breastfeeding: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Veroniki AA, Rios P, Cogo E, Straus SE, Finkelstein Y, Kealey R, Reynen E, Soobiah C, Thavorn K, Hutton B, Hemmelgarn BR, Yazdi F, D’Souza J, MacDonald H, Tricco AC.  BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 20;7(7):e017248.  Free Article

Prenatal maternal mood patterns predict child temperament and adolescent mental health.

Glynn LM, Howland MA, Sandman CA, Davis EP, Phelan M, Baram TZ, Stern HS.  J Affect Disord. 2017 Nov 14;228:83-90.

These findings provide strong support for the notion that patterns of maternal mood influence the developing brain. More specifically, fetal exposure to more elevated maternal mood entropy predicted higher levels of child negative affectivity at 12 months of age. In addition, children exposed to higher prenatal maternal mood entropy, reported higher levels of anxiety symptoms at 10 years and elevated depressive symptoms at 13 years.

Maternal avoidance, anxiety cognitions and interactive behaviour predicts infant development at 12 months in the context of anxiety disorders in the postpartum period.

Reck C, Van Den Bergh B, Tietz A, Müller M, Ropeter A, Zipser B, Pauen S.  Infant Behav Dev. 2017 Dec 19;50:116-131.

Maternal neutral engagement, which lacks positive affect and vocalisations, was the strongest negative predictor of infant cognitive development. Maternal anxiety cognitions and joint activity in mother-infant interaction were the strongest predictors of infant language performance.

Mother-infant sleep patterns and parental functioning of room-sharing and solitary sleeping families: a longitudinal study from 3 to 18 months.

Volkovich E, Bar-Kalifa E, Meiri G, Tikotzky L.  Sleep. 2017 Dec 16.

Not so surprisingly, women who room-share with infants have worse sleep quality than solitary sleepers.

Physical health, breastfeeding problems and maternal mood in the early postpartum: a prospective cohort study.

Cooklin AR, Amir LH, Nguyen CD, Buck ML, Cullinane M, Fisher JRW, Donath SM; CASTLE Study Team.  Arch Womens Ment Health. 2017 Dec 20.

A high burden of breastfeeding problems alone or with co-morbid physical problems was significantly associated with poorer maternal mood at 8 weeks. Early, effective postnatal treatment of maternal health and breastfeeding problems could reduce women’s risk for PPD.

Preconception personality disorder and antenatal maternal mental health: A population-based cohort study.

Hudson C, Spry E, Borschmann R, Becker D, Moran P, Olsson C, Coffey C, Romaniuk H, Bayer JK, Patton GC.  J Affect Disord. 2017 Feb;209:169-176.

Preconception personality disorder was associated with a threefold increase in the odds of anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and a twofold increase in the odds of depressive symptoms symptoms during pregnancy.

Brain structure in women at risk of postpartum psychosis: an MRI study.

Fusté M, Pauls A, Worker A, Reinders AATS, Simmons A, Williams SCR, Haro JM, Hazelgrove K, Pawlby S, Conroy S, Vecchio C, Seneviratne G, Pariante CM, Mehta MA, Dazzan P.  Transl Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 18;7(12):1286.

The influence of postpartum PTSD on breastfeeding: A longitudinal population-based study.

Garthus-Niegel S, Horsch A, Ayers S, Junge-Hoffmeister J, Weidner K, Eberhard-Gran M.  Birth. 2017 Dec 18.

Maternal postpartum PTSD was associated with not initiating breastfeeding (aOR 5.98 [95% CI 1.79-19.97]). Postpartum PTSD was also significantly related to not continuing breastfeeding up to 12 months, although this association did not hold after adjusting for confounding variables.











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