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Archive | substance abuse

ACOG Releases Revised Guidelines for Treatment of Opioid Use During Pregnancy

We have been writing over the last few years about the growing problem of opioid use and abuse in women of reproductive age.  Responding to a dramatic increase in the number of women abusing opiates during pregnancy, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released revised guidelines on the treatment of opioid use […]

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Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Associated with Psychiatric Illness in Offspring

  In the United States, the prevalence of smoking in pregnant women has declined; however, according to data gathered from 29 states by the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), about 13% of women smoked during the last 3 months of pregnancy.  The prevalence varied according to state, with the highest rates reported in West […]

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Smoking During Pregnancy Not Associated with Severe Mental Illness in Offspring, But Other Risks Exist

Over the years, we have seen a number of research studies which suggested a link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and adverse psychiatric outcomes in offspring, including increased risk for bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).  In a recent article published in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers reported on the results of a population-based cohort study […]

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ACOG Issues Opinion on Marijuana in Pregnant and Nursing Women

With many states now moving forward with the legalization of medical marijuana, there seems to be a growing sense that marijuana is relatively safe and may, in some cases, be more attractive or effective than traditional pharmacologic interventions.  The use of marijuana in the United States appears to be increasing.  According to a nationwide survey, […]

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Credit: "Female baby" by Own work. Licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons -

Prenatal Cocaine Exposure and Its Effect on the Developing Brain

Prenatal cocaine exposure or PCE occurs when a child is exposed in utero to cocaine taken by the pregnant mother.  We know that cocaine exposure during pregnancy can negatively affect the pregnancy; women who use cocaine during pregnancy are at increased risk for preterm delivery and low birthweight.  We know much less about the effects […]

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